In its philosophical attempt to explain quantum non-locality, the NSTP theory, originated by Kedar Joshi, introduces a metaphysics that is both semi-idealistic and semi-dualistic. The idealistic framework, explaining quantum non-locality, represents idea of superhuman intelligence responsible for the empirical order in the universe, e.g. gravity, quantum non-locality, etc. This idea of non-spatial superhuman intelligence closely resembles Berkeley’s God. Also, the superhuman intelligence is a supernatural representation of the intelligent design of the (material) universe. The theory further conjectures a possibility of a realistic framework, the framework in which the phenomena like quantum non-locality, the phenomena which no spatial mechanical framework can supposedly explain, do not exist. The inclusion of this (mere) possibility ultimately makes the idealistic framework semi-idealistic and the dualistic framework semi-dualistic.
- Joshi, Kedar, "The NSTP (Non-Spatial Thinking Process) Theory" (March 22, 2007). 
- The NSTP Theory